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There are many written and spoken languages throughout the kingdoms of Roshar.

AlethiEdit

Alethi script and glyphs are commonly used in Alethkar. Since reading and writing are considered feminine arts; Alethi script is used solely by women and Ardents, while men learned only glyphs.

All glyphs are vertically symmetrical, and the written Alethi script is horizontally symmetrical around the line on which it is written.

Known Terms
Accents and Dialects Mentioned

BavEdit

Kingdom or Country: Bavland

  • Kurp: Child in the local Bav dialect.[4] Stated by Szeth.

DawnchantEdit

Dawnchant: An ancient language spoken by the Radiants in Dalinar's visions.

The Vanrial sing chants that they believe were written in the Dawnchant, though all knowledge of its meaning or translation has been lost.[5]

  • "Anak malah kaf, del makian habian yah ... ." "To be Human is to want that which we cannot have." Dalinar spoke this while in one of his visions.
Navani responds, "It's a line from a song, ... A chant by the Vanrial ..."
"... songs they claim were written in the Dawnchant by the Heralds themselves." [5]

HerdazianEdit

Kingdom or Country: Herdaz

  • Gon (pronounced 'gone'): Lopen used this when referring to Kaladin upon first meeting him.
"We Herdazians are great fighters, gon." [6]
  • Gancho: the term by which Lopen refers to Kaladin.
  • Moolie: means mute.[6]

IrialiEdit

Kingdom or Country: Iri

KharbranthianEdit

Kingdom or Country: Kharbranth

MakabakiEdit

AzishEdit

Kingdom or Country: Azir

EmuliEdit

Kingdom or Country: Emul

TukariEdit

Kingdom or Country: Tukar

ParshendiEdit

Kingdom or Country: The Shattered Plains

  • Neshua Kadal!: The Parshendi began to call this to each other before they fled from Kaladin.[6][7]

SelayEdit

Kingdom or Country: Selay lands

ShinEdit

Kingdom or Country: Shinovar

ThaylenEdit

Kingdom or Country: Thaylenah

  • "Shaylor mkabat nour.": "The winds have brought us safely." (A phrase of thanks.)[9]
  • "Mkai bade fortenthis!": meaning unknown.[9]
  • Babsk: possibly, master. Rysn, who is apprenticed to Vstim, refers to him as her babsk.[8]
Accents and Dialects Mentioned
  • Yalb spoke in a rural Thaylen dialect.[9]

Unkalaki Edit

Kingdom or Country: Unkalaki (Horneaters)

  • Numuhukumakuaki'aialunamor: Rock's real name.[10]
Translates as a description of a special rock his father found. The entire name is a poem.
  • Ali'i'kamura: referenced by Rock as a protector.[11][9]
  • Alaii'iku: meaning unknown. Rock called himself this as an explanation to why he could see Syl.[10]
  • Alil'tiki'i: meaning unknown. Might refer to Rock's title or rank.
Rock ... " ... we would have to duel in the traditional alil'tiki'i fashion." [12]
Rock, after he had shaved ... "I feel like a true alil'tiki'i again!" [13]
  • Holetental : "Is of the holetental. For him only." (Rock, referring to the Surgebinding Kaladin has done.)[14]
  • Humaka'aban: refers to the beard, sideburns, pattern that Rock wears.[13]
  • Kaluk'i'iki : Rock says to Kaladin, "I shall name you my kaluk'i'iki". When no one gets the joke he explains that only a woman can be a kaluk'i'iki. It does not mean wife.[11]
  • Mafa'liki: spren. Referring to Syl, Rock names her thusly.[10]
  • Nuatoma: leader or chief.[15]
  • Uli'tekanaki: some type of god or guiding spirit or being.
Rock says ... "By the Uli'tekanaki, Kaladin. I almost beleive you'll do it." [16]
Rock says ... "The Uli'tekanaki guide you" to Kaladin.[3]
  • Umalakai'ki! ... Kama mohoray namavau ... ": meaning unknown. Rock bellowed this when they checked on Kaladin after the storm.[17]
  • Umarti'a: means cousin.[15]

VedenEdit

Kingdom or Country: Jah Keved

Native language of Shallan and House Davar. Veden is similar to Alethi.[18]

Cosmere: DuladenEdit

Warning World Spoiler: Containing information related to the universe not published in the books






Kingdom or Country: Duladell, Cosmere World: Sel.

Duladen[19] is a language spoken on Sel, the planet on which the city of Elantris is located

  • "Alavanta kamaloo kayana" : (something something) crazy.[20]
Spoken by the foreigner Grump at the conclusion of the meeting with Ishikk the fisherman.[21]

ReferencesEdit

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